“How Russia took over the Internet in Crimea and Eastern Ukraine” Louis Pétiniaud & Kevin Limonier
Data Center Dynamics
8 March 2022
How Russia took over the Internet in Crimea and Eastern Ukraine
What happened in 2014, and what happens when RuNet comes to Ukraine
Frédérick Douzet in “Hacking Gender Barriers: Europe’s Top Cyber Women”
16 February 2022
Frédérick Douzet, Director of GEODE, tells her professional experience in the cyber domain this Women4Cyber book.
The book “Hacking gender barriers: Europe’s top cyber women” highlights over 100 women working in the field of cybersecurity in Europe. Its goal is to shed light on the different professional roles in cybersecurity and inspire young women by showcasing female role models active in the cybersecurity field.
The Women4Cyber Foundation is a non-profit organisation founded in 2019 aimed at promoting, encouraging, and supporting the participation of womenin the field of cybersecurity. Its mission is to develop and grow a cybersecuritycommunity through networking, awareness, education, and training.
To do that,the Foundation works to help raise the voices of women through social media and events, enhance female participation in cyber education, promote Role Models and tailored training programmes for entry, up-skilling or re-skilling incybersecurity
Podcast – Internet in Soviet land
3 February 2022
Kevin Limonier, deputy director of GEODE, recounts the anarchic birth of the Russian internet in the episode “Internet in the land of the Soviets” of the France Culture programme “Une histoire de… l’Internet”. Listen here
By telling the story of Anatole Klyosov and Andrei Soldatov, two Soviet researchers who had privileged access to the Internet, it is possible to understand why Russia today has had so much difficulty in regaining control over the network.
In the West, cybernetics is in vogue, with a wild quest for freedom, the time is ripe for the liberation of information. In the USSR, on the other hand, the individual and the circulation of information were feared. The Party’s truth was ONE, and the centralisation of information was EVERYWHERE. There was no need, therefore, to allow each individual to circulate his or her messages. Photocopiers, for example, were suspect; special accreditation was required to access them. In this context, the emergence of computers within the Communist Party poses many dilemmas.
The Internet arrived in the land of the Soviets somewhat by chance. In the 1980s, researchers at major universities were increasingly exchanging information remotely. Electronic mail was democratised in the wake of ARPANET, and France had just switched to Minitel. And teleconferences are beginning to develop, in other words, a kind of international conference, but at a distance.
In 1982, the Soviet Union was far removed from the excitement of the first teleconferences. It was the end of the Brezhnev era, the army was bogged down in Afghanistan, and the Nomenklatura was hunting down dissidents. However, one fine spring day, the Academy of Sciences receives an invitation and decides to send a fellow researcher to the Net: Anatoly Klyosov.
Russia, a unique example in the world of cybernetics
A few years after this pioneering experience, it was a completely different person who precipitated the birth, strictly speaking, of the Soviet Internet: Andrei Soldatov. At the time, he was working at the Nuclear Research Centre and asked for an automatic international telephone line. He then created the first Soviet Internet Service Provider (ISP), in a completely illegal manner, and sold access to the global Internet via his machine, which he ironically named the “window on Europe” (the name given to St Petersburg by Peter the Great).
This early anarchy of RuNet, the Russian-speaking segment of the Internet, has not been without consequences for the subsequent history of networking in Russia and even today has an impact on the online services used by Russian Internet users.
” 3 questions to ” Hugo Estecahandy on the suggested ban on cryptocurrencies in Russia
3 February 2022
As part of the Franco-Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Observatory, Hugo Estecahandy, PhD GEODE answered the following “three questions” related to crypto-currency mining in Russia:
- Russian authorities are considering regulating or even banning crypto-currencies. Concretely, what practices are targeted?
- Who is at the helm of this issue? What are the stakes for the Russian authorities?
- How can these regulations impact the “mining” sector in Russia and the physical infrastructure set up for this purpose, particularly in Siberia?
See also Hugo Estecahandy’s article “Cryptocurrency mining industries in Russia” published in the Annual Report of the Franco-Russian Observatory “Russia 2021”.